Interesting facts about the history of the castle and town
Already in the 9th century there was a fortified settlement located on the land and water route connecting Ruthenia with Gdańsk.
A wooden fortress in Płock existed here already in the times of Mieszko I.
In the 11th century the castle in Plock was surrounded by a massive wooden and earth rampart.
From 1058, Wladyslaw Herman resided in Płock.
In 1075, during the reign of Boleslaw Smialy (the Bold), Płock became the capital of the newly created Mazovian bishopric.
In the years 1079-1102, during the reign of Wladyslaw Herman, Płock became the main seat of power and ducal court.
20 August 1086
On 20 August 1086, Boleslaw III the Wrymouthed was born in Płock.
En 1127, Płock a été capturée et pillée par le duc poméranien Warcislaw Ier.
Polish prince Bolesław Krzywousty spent the last years of his life in Płock.
From the chronicle of Jan Długosz we learn that in 1222 Płock was ravaged by the Prussians.
In July 1228, in Płock, Conrad of Masovia established a knightly order, the Brothers of the Knights of Christ, popularly known as Bracia Dobrzyńscy, to protect the inhabitants of Masovia against pagan attacks.
In 1229, in Płock, Conrad of Mazovia imprisoned Henry the Bearded, who was captured in Spytkowice on the Vistula River.
In 1234 Płock was burnt down by the Margrave of Meissen, Henry.
In 1234, Płock came under the rule of Bolesław I of Masovia.
In 1235, Conrad I of Masovia founded a Dominican monastery in Płock.
From 1236, Płock was ruled by Bolesław I of Masovia.
In 1237, on the initiative of Masovian dukes Bolesław I and Konrad I, Płock was granted city rights.
In 1248, after the heirless death of Bolesław I Mazowiecki, Siemowit I became the ruler of Płock.
In 1254, Siemowit I stayed in Płock, who established endowments for the bishop and approved the German law given to the town.
In 1257, Siemowit I visited Płock. At that time, the Duke confirmed, among other things, the endowments to the cathedral.
The first brick fortifications on Tumskie Hill in Płock were erected in the second half of the 13th century, probably at the initiative of Bolesław II, Duke of Masovia.
In 1262 Płock was ravaged by the Lithuanians, who invaded Mazovia under the command of Mindaugas and Treniota.
In the summer of 1286, Płock, which belonged to Bolesław Siemowitowicz, was captured and ravaged by his brother Konrad Czerski.
In April 1313, Bolesław Siemowitowicz was buried in St. Sigismund's Cathedral in Płock.
In July 1327, Płock, which belonged to Waclaw of Płock, was burnt down by the troops of Wladyslaw Lokietek, giving rise to the Polish-Teutonic war.
29 March 1329
In March 1329 armed actions of Polish-Teutonic war resumed. One of the effects of the armed confrontation was that Waclaw of Płock paid homage to John of Luxemburg. Thus, Płock became part of the Kingdom of Bohemia.
7 September 1351
After the heirless death of Prince Bolesław III of Płock, on 7 September 1351, Charles of Luxemburg handed Płock over to Prince Henry V Żelazny, who was the son-in-law of the deceased.
18 September 1351
On 18 September 1351, perhaps on the basis of some earlier succession agreement with Bolesław III of Płock, Casimir the Great occupied Płock.
In 1352, Płock became the subject of a pledged loan granted to Casimir the Great by the Masovian dukes Siemowit III and Casimir I of Warsaw.
En 1353, à l'initiative de Casimir le Grand, Płock fut entourée d'un mur fortifié.
At the beginning of April 1369, Casimir the Great's grandson Kźek Słupski wed Margaret, daughter of Siemowit III, in Płock.
After the death of Casimir the Great, Płock became part of Siemowit III's power. The new ruler confirmed the Chełmno law and introduced here, for the first time in Mazovia, the system of lump-sum rent.
8 March 1374
On 8 March 1374 in Płock, Siemowit III with his sons Siemowit IV and Janusz I issued a document in which, as compensation for the damage caused, they granted to the archbishopric three villages located in the Sochaczew Area: Niedźwiada, Świerzyż (now Świerysz) and Wejmo. The ducal actions were to appease the church authorities and induce them to lift the recently imposed interdict.
In July 1379 in Płock a wedding ceremony took place between Henry VII of Blizna and Margaret, daughter of Siemowit III.
23 September 1379
On 23 September 1379, at a convention in Płock, Siemowit III out the terms and conditions for the succession of Masovia. Under the terms of the agreement, Janusz I received eastern Mazovia, while Siemowit IV received the western part of Mazovia.
In 1410, food supplies were gathered in Płock for the troops that were to fight the famous Battle of Grunwald in July of that year.
31 August 1434
On August 31, 1434, at a convention in Płock, the sons of Siemowit IV decided to divide their fatherlands. Siemowit V received possession of the lands: Gostynińska, Rawska and Sochaczewska, with the capital in Rawa, Kazimierz II got the land of Bełska, and Władysław I the lands of Płock, Zawkrzeń and Płońska.
In 1538, the Polish king Sigismund I the Old gave the part of the Płock castle called castellum, to the Benedictines for a monastery, while the southern part of the building, called castrum, became the residence of the ruler.
During the Swedish Deluge, the castle in Płock was destroyed.
During the Northern War in 1705, the Swedes plundered and destroyed the castle in Płock.
In 1781 the Benedictines left the castle in Płock and moved to Pułtusk.
15 May 1863
On 15th May 1863, Zygmunt Padlewski, a general of the January Uprising and son of a November insurgent, wasuted in Płock, aged just under 28.
Theution took place very early in the morning, behind the town's Płońsk turnpike, on a Russian army training ground. The general confessed and received communion. Then he was led with a priest to the prison yard. Here he said goodbye to his fellow prisoners, after which he was taken to his place of death. A journalist the underground press noted that Padlewski had a cigarette in his mouth the whole time.
From 1865, the buildings of the former castle in Płock housed a seminary and a female gymnasium (secondary school).